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Contribution of pulsars to cosmic-ray positrons in light of recent observation of inverse-Compton halos

The hypothesis that pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe) can significantly contribute to the excess of the positron ($e^+$) cosmic-ray flux has been consolidated after the observation of a $\gamma$-ray emission...

Universal bolometric corrections for AGN over 7 luminosity decades

The AGN bolometric correction is a key element to understand BH demographics and compute accurate BH accretion histories from AGN luminosities. However, current estimates still differ from each other ...

Non-Abelian U-duality for membrane

T-duality of string theory can be extended to the Poisson-Lie T-duality when the target space has a generalized isometry group given by a Drinfel'd double. In M-theory, T-duality is understood as a su...

Efficient correction of multiqubit measurement errors

State preparation and measurement (SPAM) errors limit the performance of noisy intermediate-scale quantum computers and their potential for practical application. SPAM errors are partly correctable af...

Finitely summable $γ$-elements for word-hyperbolic groups

We present two explicit combinatorial constructions of finitely summable reduced "Gamma"-elements $\gamma_r\,\in\,KK(C^*_r(\Gamma),{\mathbb C})$ for any word-hyperbolic group $(\Gamma,S)$ and obtain s...

Control Synthesis for Cyber-Physical Systems to Satisfy Metric Interval Temporal Logic Objectives under Timing and Actuator Attacks

This paper studies the synthesis of controllers for cyber-physical systems (CPSs) that are required to carry out complex tasks that are time-sensitive, in the presence of an adversary. The task is spe...

Towards a Human-like Open-Domain Chatbot

We present Meena, a multi-turn open-domain chatbot trained end-to-end on data mined and filtered from public domain social media conversations. This 2.6B parameter neural network is trained to minimiz...

Theory of acoustic trapping of microparticles in capillary tubes

We present a semi-analytical theory for the acoustic fields and particle-trapping forces in a viscous fluid inside a capillary tube with arbitrary cross section and ultrasound actuation at the walls. ...

Optimal Selective Encoding for Timely Updates

We consider a system in which an information source generates independent and identically distributed status update packets from an observed phenomenon that takes $n$ possible values based on a given ...

The principal $p$-block with a small number of characters

For a prime $p$, we determine a Sylow $p$-subgroup $D$ of a finite group $G$ such that the principal $p$-block $B$ of $G$ has four irreducible ordinary characters. It has been determined already for t...